Does your child wear glasses? Are they are nearsighted? Have you ever wondered how myopia (known as shortsightedness) develops in children?
This short post will briefly explain how myopia develops in the eye of a child and what factors contribute towards the development of myopia.
What is myopia?
Myopia, also known as shortsightedness or nearsightedness, is a common optical refractive error that makes the eyes unable to focus on objects in the far distance but can focus perfectly on objects close by.
How does it develop in children?
The lens in the eye works like a lens in the camera; it needs to zoom in and out to focus on a specific object. When we are younger, the eye muscles are more supple allowing the eye to adjust and adapt much quicker.
As we get older, the lens stops compensating for the growth of the eye and this results in blurred vision because the eye cannot focus properly. This development can start in teenage years or in elder years depending on how well your eye adapts.
Researchers have found that a growth imbalance can lead to myopia in children. The imbalance can occur one year before children develop myopia so it is very important that you take your children to the opticians for annual check-ups.
However, researchers found that corneal growth had little or no relation to the development of myopia. Despite being able to understand how myopia develops in children, there is no clear answer for why the lens stops compensating to the continuous eye growth.
One possible answer is that the muscles around the eyes become very tight which makes it harder for the lens to focus.
Vision experts and scientists believe that myopia is due to the eye growing but the lens is unable to compensate with the growth. Keep your eyes and your child's eyes healthy by visiting the opticians annually. For all of your eyewear needs, you can visit Fashion Eyewear to save on your designer glasses and prescription sunglasses.
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